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Living in the Shadows-Full Edit(45 images)

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Everyday thousands of sub-Saharan Africans try to enter Europe by crossing the divide that separates the two continents. Those that make it to Spain are customarily detained while the Spanish authorities attempt to determine their age and nationality. Because of a complexity of reasons, including insufficient government funding, the lack of repatriation agreements between Spain and many...
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  • CLIENT: BBC NEWS. Portait of an African migrant in Barcelona, Spain.
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  • The cityscape of Barcelona, Spain with a view of Carmel, a traditional immigrant neighborhood. After the Spanish Civil War migrants from Andalucian moved here in droves. Today, it's the adopted home to immigrants from Africa, Eastern Europe and Latin America. July 18, 2008.
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  • Dhemba, from Senegal, prays in the back of an abandoned home he shares with 15 other migrants in Barcelona, Spain on October 22, 2007.
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  • Bubakar, from Senegal, hangs his clothing to dry outside of an abandoned building in Barcelona, Spain on October 23, 2007.   He lives in the only remaining habitable part of the building, the basement, with twelve other immigrants from the West African countries of Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania and Senegal.  The building is considered a hazardous site and is scheduled for demolition.
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  • African migrants. Barcelona, Spain.
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  • Mukomba, from Senegal, uses a hammer to break apart large pieces of metal that he has gathered in Barcelona, Spain on December 1, 2007.
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  • Omar, from Guinea, shows the wire he has recovered while hunting for scrap metal in Barcelona, Spain on October 24, 2007. 'Chatarra', as the collecting of scrap metal is called in Spanish, is one of the safest ways for illegal immigrants to make money since they don't need a work permit to do it. Because they are only recycling found materials, they are not breaking any laws and the police don't pursue them.
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  • Omar grabs a pile of copper wire, which he manually stripped with a knife in Barcelona, Spain on October 24, 2007. Metal buyers won't accept the copper wire until the plastic insulation is removed, thus he has to dedicate hours each day to stripping the copper clean.  Of the metals, copper is the most valuable. During the construction boom they made between $15 to $45 per day, but since the collapse prices have fallen tenfold.
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  • Dhemba, from Senegal, prays in the back of an abandoned home he shares with 15 other migrants in Barcelona, Spain on October 22, 2007.
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  • Mustafa of Senegal shows a customer an immitation Prada bag in the Port of Barcelona on August 2, 2008 in Barcelona, Spain.  With out legal papers to work, many African migrants are limited to working in underground economies. Selling pirated merchandise is one common way of earning money.
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  • On November 6, 2008 in Barcelona, Spain, Kobena, from Ghana, celebrates the election of Barack Obama by wearing an American flag as a bandana. Like him, his friends are immigrants, but they are from Eastern Europe and Argentina. They are homeless and spend their nights drinking cheap wine or beer.   Perhaps because he is treated better, he tells people that he is American.
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  • Yaroslav, from Russia, toasts Abadu, from Senegal, in an abandoned industrial complex in Barcelona, Spain on August 2, 2008. As a result of the alcohol and drug abuse there have been numerous disputes, neighborhood complaints and police visits.
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  • Youssoufa, from Senegal, washes rice using the only running water in this abandoned industrial complex in Barcelona, Spain on August 2, 2008.
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  • While tourists and local beach goers relish in the sun, Kofi, from Ghana, collects and rents chaise lounges on the beach in Barcelona, Spain on August 2, 2008. Due to the fact that most African migrants do not have a work permit, they are limited to seasonal jobss and are often paid "under the table".
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  • The foreman lowers the crate of picked pears on as Cheickh Bou Ould Abdallahi Ould, 31,  and Sidi Ould Cheikh Valeh, 28, look on at an orchard in Lleida, Spain on August 5, 2008. In May 2007 the Spanish government announced ?Plan Africa: A plan of action for Sub-Saharan Africa?, which involves bringing hundreds of African workers to Spain with renewable one-year visas and jobs.
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  • The foreman looks on as Cheickh Bou Ould Abdallahi Ould, 31,  Sidi Ould Cheikh Valeh, 28, and Ahmed Salem Ould Mouhamedou, 27, pick pears at an orchard in Lleida, Spain on August 5, 2008. In May 2007 the Spanish government announced ?Plan Africa: A plan of action for Sub-Saharan Africa?, which involves bringing hundreds of African workers to Spain with renewable one-year visas and jobs.
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  • An undocumented migrant, Maghat, calls home to Senegal to catch up with family and friends on October 21, 2007 in Barcelona, Spain.
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  • Dhemba, from Senegal, prays in the back of an abandoned home he shares with 15 other migrants in Barcelona, Spain on October 22, 2007.
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  • Husseino, from Senegal, walks to shower in the bathroom which is in the outside patio of a house he shares with other immigrants from Western Africa on October 22, 2007 in Barcelona, Spain.
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  • Husseino, from Senegal, showers in the bathroom which is in the outside patio of a house he shares with other immigrants from Western Africa on October 22, 2007 in Barcelona, Spain.
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  • A group of African immigrants keeps an eye out for the police as the await customers to sell fake brand name bags in Plaza de Catalunya, in Barcelona, Spain on October 22, 2007.
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  • Stephen and Roger, both from Cameroon, cook rice with chicken and some tear which they heat on a portable gas stove on October 22, 2007 in Barcelona, Spain.
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  • On a winter morning, Amadou, from Mauritania, and Moussa, from Mali, prepare for their day of hunting scrap metal at the construction sites around Barcelona, Spain on October 23, 2007. .
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  • Makomba works until past sunset separating scrap metal that he has gathered over the course of the day on Ocotber 23, 2007 in Barcelona, Spain.
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  • Naf, from Senegal, does push-ups to keep in shape in an abandoned building which he shares with other immigrants and homeless people in Barcelona, Spain on October 24, 2007.
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